We recommend the following sources as providing useful and balanced information for people considering varicose vein treatment:

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence

Formerly known as N.I.C.E., this organisation produces a range of patient leaflets about varicose vein treatments that can be printed off from their internet site www.nice.org.uk. You can also view further information on the various treatments in the ‘guidance for doctors’ documents. Search for:

‘Treating varicose veins with foam injections’, Information about NICE interventional procedure guidance 217. (May 2007)

‘Radiofrequency ablation of varicose veins’, Understanding NICE guidance – information for people considering the procedure. (Sept 2003) (all about VNUS Closure)

‘Endovenous laser treatment of the long saphenous vein’, Understanding NICE guidance – information for people considering the procedure. (March 2004) (all about EVLA)

The Circulation Foundation

This charitable foundation is associated with the Vascular Society which is the professional society of doctors involved in treating diseases of arteries and veins. They produce a range of patient leaflets on diseases of arteries and veins including varicose veins. These leaflets can be accessed atwww.circulationfoundation.org.uk/patient.html