Help! I have varicose veins. What are my treatment options?

Varicose veins affect about a third of the UK population, mainly women. The condition results from enlarged veins in the legs, forcing the blood to flow in reverse. In some patients the symptoms are hardly noticeable but in others the level of discomfort can be severe with itchiness, cramps, continual throbbing and heaviness in the legs. Eventually the condition can deteriorate to ulcers, resulting in a significant effect on the quality of life. Most people end up wearing compression stockings at some point during treatment.

What are my treatment options for varicose veins?

The specialists at Cornwall Vein Clinic stay abreast of the latest techniques and technologies and Mr Ken Woodburn will be demonstrating his techniques for the treatment of varicose veins at the Venous Workshop held during the 38th Charing Cross Symposium, the longest running and largest symposium in Europe, dedicated to exploring vascular and endovascular challenges.

Traditionally, the preferred option was surgery although this is increasingly becoming a last resort as other, less invasive and modern techniques have been developed to deal with the condition. Surgery requires a general anaesthetic and typically results in up to three weeks away from work along with pain and bruising.

  1. Endothermal ablation should be offered as a first course of action. Unlike surgery, this can be carried out under a local anaesthetic and typically has mild side effects such as bruising and transient pins and needles. A small incision will be made just above or below the knee to insert a catheter to heat up the vein to seal it shut but patients can expect to return to work within 24 hours.
  2. Endovenous laser treatment may also be advised as an initial treatment option. The procedure is similar but may result in more tightness and bruising, with the possibility of short-term nerve damage. Both techniques may still require you to wear compression stockings.
  3. Ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy may be advised when endothermal ablation treatment is unsuitable. This procedure requires an injection of a foam compound into the affected veins to seal them shut. Whilst this is can be carried out under a local anaesthetic and you should expect to be back to work in less than 24 hours (with 84 out of 100 cases being successful) sclerotherapy can cause headaches, back pain, temporary vision problems and possibly blood clots in other veins.

However, as NICE, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, details in their guidelines on the preferred order of varicose vein treatments, the individual needs and preferences of the patient should always be taken into account. For a comprehensive assessment of your individual requirements, please call 01872 226 100 to book a consultation at the Cornwall Vein Clinic.

Does sitting down or standing for long periods of time cause varicose veins?

We are very aware that embarking on a course of private medical treatment can be an anxious time for some people, particularly if you are funding your own treatment. It can be difficult to work out in advance, how expensive the treatment will be, particularly as many vein clinics will only give you an estimate of cost once you have been seen by one of their consultants. Often a combination of different treatments are required, with each one incurring a separate charge, and costs can soon mount up.

At the Cornwall Vein Clinic our pricing is transparent and clearly displayed on our website. You are unlikely to be faced with unexpected additional costs, as we aim to treat all the veins that you are concerned about in a single visit, and even if this requires more than one treatment technique on the day it will not result in additional charges. We know that in a review of 1300 patients treated by our surgeons, almost 90 per cent of patients had their veins treated in a single endothermal treatment, and overall only 25 per cent required further minor ‘tidy up’ injections carried out in the out-patient clinic.

You can therefore be confident that the prices displayed on our website are the prices that you will pay, and your surgeon will endeavor to complete your treatment in a single visit whenever possible.

If you’re interested in having your vein condition can be assessed and an appropriate treatment advised, get in touch to book a consultation.

Two new treatments launched at Cornwall Vein Clinic

Cornwall Vein Clinic is introducing two new keyhole treatments for varicose veins, that avoid the need for multiple local anaesthetic injections during the treatment, and are potentially quicker to carry out. Both techniques are similar to existing techniques as they involve placing a catheter in the vein through a small incision in the calf or lower thigh, made under local anaesthetic.

ClariVein™ for varicose veins

In one technique, endovenous mechanochemical ablation (Clarivein™) a tube with a rotating hollow wire at its tip is inserted through the skin into the affected vein in the leg using ultrasound guidance. As the tube is pulled back out of the vein, the wire is rotated, damaging the lining of the vein. At the same time a chemical is injected through the hollow wire into the vein. The vein becomes inflamed, and then shrivels and closes.

Varicose veins treated with glue occlusion

The aim of the other technique called cyanoacrylate glue occlusion is to close a varicose vein by sticking its walls together. The cyanoacrylate glue is put into the affected vein via a special tube inserted into the vein at the knee and passed to the top of the great saphenous vein, using ultrasound to guide it. This treatment doesn’t require bandages to be worn afterwards and skin staining is very rare.

Both these techniques can only treat one leg per treatment visit and have the same potential complications as the established keyhole treatments, but there is not yet enough information available about these techniques to say if these complications are any more likely, or if the success rate of these treatments is any lower. We are excited to be bringing these techniques to Cornwall, as the will be particularly suited to individuals who don’t cope very well with injections.

For more information on all the treatments we offer for removal of varicose veins, get in touch to book a consultation.